ALEXANDER HENRY “THE YOUNGER”
1765-1814 | Western Canada
Criss-crossed the nation between Lake Superior and the Pacific coast in the employ of major fur companies, exploring and, most importantly, writing the finest record of any northern fur trader.
Unknown-1839 | Newfoundland
A famous Mi’kmaq hunter and explorer who guided William Cormack, the first Euro-Canadian to cross Newfoundland. Together they searched for signs of the lost Beothuk people.
1796-1868 | St. John’s
Naturalist and humanitarian who crossed Newfoundland with Mi’kmaq guide Sylvester Joe while attempting to locate survivors of the extirpated Beothuk people.
CATHARINE PARR TRAILL
1802-99 | Lakefield, Ont.
Author and botanist who performed early studies of Canada’s natural history. Wrote Studies of Plant Life in Canada, The Backwoods of Canada and other works about life as a pioneer.
1803-85 | Belleville, Ont. / Toronto
Author and anti-slavery activist. Wrote Roughing It in the Bush and other works about pioneer life in Upper Canada’s backwoods and clearings.
IPIRVIK & TAQULITTUQ
ca. 1837-81 / ca.1838-76 | Qikiqtaaluk, Nunavut
A couple from Baffin’s Cumberland Sound area who interpreted and hunted for, guided and taught survival skills to Charles Francis Hall (who sought signs of Franklin and Frobisher) and other explorers. They were exhibited by Hall on lecture circuits, but returned to the Arctic for his disastrous final expedition, which they survived.
ARTHUR PHILEMON COLEMAN (FRCGS)
1852-1939 | Lachute, Que.
A renowned geologist, mountaineer and academic whose explorations of Rocky Mountain ranges, the Great Lakes and other regions introduced many to Canada’s geological wonders.
1875-1946 | Newfoundland
An Arctic mariner and cartographer who undertook more than 40 expeditions, including the 1913-18 Canadian Arctic Expedition, adding much to our understanding of the North.
ALICE E. WILSON (FRCGS)
1881-1964 | Cobourg, Ont.
Canada’s first woman geologist and the foremost expert on the geology and paleontology of the Ottawa and St. Lawrence river valleys. She became a celebrated scientist despite having few of the opportunities available to men in her field.
J. DEWEY SOPER (FRCGS)
1893-1982 | Guelph, Ont. / Edmonton
Famed naturalist known best for his discovery of the elusive breeding grounds of the blue goose on southern Baffin Island — after a six-year search that depended on Inuit traditional knowledge.
YVES FORTIER (FRCGS)
1914-2014 | Quebec City
Explored and mapped the remote North, and in 1955 led the largest multidisciplinary research expedition then undertaken, surveying 260,000 sq. km of the High Arctic. He was later named director of the Geological Survey of Canada.
DAVID GRAY (FRCGS)
1945- | Metcalfe,Ont.
Arctic wildlife biologist, writer and documentarian who has studied the behaviour of birds and mammals across the archipelago. He also led the 2013 search for the remains of the 1913-18 Canadian Arctic Expedition.
JOHN ENGLAND (FRCGS)
1946- | Edmonton
Scientist and specialist in northern environmental change who has spent 50 years studying the Arctic Archipelago and mentoring numerous students in and out of the field. He was instrumental in the founding of Canada’s northernmost national park, Quttinirpaaq.
PHILIP CURRIE (FRCGS)
1949- | Edmonton
World-renowned paleontologist and Royal Tyrrell Museum founder. He has named dozens of dinosaur and pre-dinosaur species, and was integral to several game-changing discoveries and theories, including that dinosaurs were feathered and that some hunted in packs.
NATALIA RYBCZYNSKI (FRCGS)
1971- | Ottawa
Paleobiologist and Canadian Museum of Nature research associate who has highlighted climate change from the Pliocene to the present. She discovered a High Arctic camel species and Puijila darwini, a forerunner of today’s ocean-going seals.