From Canada’s early First Nations and Inuit cultures to European exploration, Confederation, women’s suffrage, wartime and beyond.
The Flag Committee (left) began its deliberations with a sense of historical mission and in a spirit of cooperation. It wouldn’t last. Nevertheless, on Feb. 15, 1965, Canada had a new national flag to raise (right) at a celebration in front of Parliament’s Centre Block. (Left: Queen’s University Archives, John Matheson Fonds, Locator #2131; right: Duncan Cameron/Duncan Cameron/PA-168019, Library and Archives Canada)
Renatus Tuglavina, second from right, with his mother Arnatuk and younger brothers Josef and Jonas at Okak, Labrador, 1915. Years later, in Hebron, Renatus would orchestrate a series of break-ins at the HBC store to raise awareness of the unfair treatment of the local Inuit at the hands of the HBC. (Photo: Dr. S.K. Hutton. Memorial University of Newfoundland Archives and Special Collections)
A view of Hebron mission station in 1906 with the supply ship Harmony (No. 5) visible in the bay. The Harmony brought Spanish influenza to Labrador in 1918. (Photo: Hebron, Bucht mit Eisschollen und Harmony 1906 by Bohlmann, Ernst, 1864-1945. Archives and Special Collections, Memorial University of Newfoundland)
St. Symphorien Cemetery, east of Mons, was established by the German Army in 1914 after the opening salvoes of the First World War. Private John Parr, the first British soldier to be killed on the Western Front, is buried here. So too is Private George Price, from Falmouth, Nova Scotia, who’s recognized as the last soldier of the British Empire to die in the First World War — at 10:58 on the morning of November 11, 1918. St. Symphorien contains the graves of 284 German soldiers along with 227 British, and two Canadians. (Photo: Stephen Smith)