From Canada’s early First Nations and Inuit cultures to European exploration, Confederation, women’s suffrage, wartime and beyond.
Ken McGoogan’s new book encompasses both the eviction of Scots from their homelands and their efforts to settle in pre-Confederation Canada. “Summer View in the environs of the Company Fort Douglas on the Red River,” by artist Peter Rindisbacher, depicts the early years of the Manitoba settlement, but cannot evoke the extreme hardship and conflict that defined the experience. (Left: HarperCollins; right: Library and Archives Canada, Acc. No. 1988-250-37)
A 1945 map of Eastern Canada and a picture of Joey Smallwood taken in 1949.
(Map: Detail of Geological map of the Dominion of Canada, map 820A [1 sheet of 2], published by Department of Mines and Resources, Mines and Geology Branch, Bureau of Geology and Topography, 1945, Robert Alexander MacKay fonds, Library and Archives Canada, e011202575. Photo: Joey R. Smallwood, 11 Jan. 1949, © Yousuf Karsh, Yousuf Karsh fonds, Library and Archives Canada, e004665476-v6.
The Flag Committee (left) began its deliberations with a sense of historical mission and in a spirit of cooperation. It wouldn’t last. Nevertheless, on Feb. 15, 1965, Canada had a new national flag to raise (right) at a celebration in front of Parliament’s Centre Block. (Left: Queen’s University Archives, John Matheson Fonds, Locator #2131; right: Duncan Cameron/Duncan Cameron/PA-168019, Library and Archives Canada)
Renatus Tuglavina, second from right, with his mother Arnatuk and younger brothers Josef and Jonas at Okak, Labrador, 1915. Years later, in Hebron, Renatus would orchestrate a series of break-ins at the HBC store to raise awareness of the unfair treatment of the local Inuit at the hands of the HBC. (Photo: Dr. S.K. Hutton. Memorial University of Newfoundland Archives and Special Collections)