About "History"

From Canada’s early First Nations and Inuit cultures to European exploration, Confederation, women’s suffrage, wartime and beyond.

A photo of elegant sunburst lichen (Xanthoria elegans), an example of a specimen in the collection that citizen scientists may encounter on Expedition Arctic Botany. This lichen is an iconic Arctic plant species, but can also be found across Canada. (Photo courtesy Jennifer Doubt)

Photo courtesy Jennifer Doubt
Expedition Arctic Botany will allow curious members of the public to explore the plants of the Arctic region without leaving home, while contributing to our understanding of Arctic ecosystems

Cette carte de 1871 est la première représentant la province de Manitoba. (Map: A.L. Russell, Map of the Province of Manitoba, Ottawa, February 1871, Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, E011198151)

Map: A.L. RUSSELL, MAP OF THE PROVINCE OF MANITOBA, OTTAWA, FEBRUARY 1871, Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, E011198151
Un aperçu de la formation de la province « timbre-poste », présenté par une carte de 1871

This map of Manitoba compiled by A. L. Russell in 1871 depicts the province less than a year after it joined Confederation. (Map: A.L. Russell, Map of the Province of Manitoba, Ottawa, February 1871, Library and Archives Canada, E011198151)

Map: A.L. RUSSELL, MAP OF THE PROVINCE OF MANITOBA, OTTAWA, FEBRUARY 1871, LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA, E011198151
A look at the inception of the original postage-stamp province through an 1871 map

Illustration: Kerry Hodgson/Can Geo

Illustration: Kerry Hodgson/Can Geo
A look back at the early years of the 350-year-old institution that once claimed a vast portion of the globe

Illustration: Kerry Hodgson/Can Geo

Illustration: Kerry Hodgson/Can Geo
Une rétrospective des débuts de l’institution fondée il y a 350 ans, qui revendiquait autrefois une part importante du globe
Waskaganish HBC trading post chief factor's house

The remains of the old HBC Chief Factor’s house at the Cree Nation of Waskaganish, located in the Eeyou Istchee territory in northern Quebec. (Photo: David McGuffin/Can Geo)

Photo: David McGuffin/Can Geo
The Explore podcast delves into the 350-year history of the Hudson’s Bay Company. In this, the first of a four-part series, we visit the James Bay Cree Nation of Waskaganish, site of the first ever HBC trading post. 

Les Falcons, club de hockey de Winnipeg, gagnent la médaille d’or olympique en 1920 à Anvers, en Belgique. (Photo: Temple de la renommée du hockey/Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, PA-050363)

Photo: Temple de la renommée du hockey/Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, PA-050363)
Gagnante de la médaille d’or il y a 100 ans à Anvers (Belgique), l’équipe canadienne a établi une domination en hockey olympique qui a duré pendant trois autres Jeux successifs

The Winnipeg Falcons hockey club, gold medallists at the 1920 Olympics in Antwerp, Belgium. (Photo: Hockey Hall of Fame/Library and Archives Canada, PA-050363)

Photo: Hockey Hall of Fame/Library and Archives Canada, PA-050363
Winning gold 100 years ago in Antwerp, Belgium, Canada’s team set a standard for Olympic hockey dominance that would last for three more successive Games
Canadian Tulip Festival Majors Hill Park Ottawa

Tulips blooming in Ottawa’s Major’s Hill Park during the Canadian Tulip Festival. (Photo: Lu Zhang/Can Geo Photo Club)

Photo: Lu Zhang/Can Geo Photo Club
Although much of the live festival programming has been cancelled due to the pandemic, flower fans will still be able to celebrate online
Franklin expedition epaulettes

A pair of epaulettes that would have been worn as part of the dress uniform of a British Royal Navy officer. These were discovered in officers’ quarters inside the wreck of HMS Erebus and may have belonged to 3rd Lieutenant James Walter Fairholme. (Photo: Parks Canada Agency)

Photo: Parks Canada Agency
“Most successful season” of exploration since the wreck was discovered surfaces 350 artifacts from officers’ quarters
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