Arctic ice is melting and the climate is changing. And although these aren’t new ideas, the speed at which it’s happening is.

“It’s happening much faster than our most pessimistic projections,” Arctic scientist David Barber told the CBC.

Barber is a professor at the University of Manitoba and the lead researcher of the Circumpolar Flaw Lead (CFL) System Study — the largest Arctic study conducted during the latest International Polar Year.

The CFL study was undertaken to determine the impact of climate change on the Arctic.

Barber says, what’s happening in the north is just an early warning for what will happen in the south. There is significant variability in the climate and Northern storms are occurring much more often.

Watch CBC anchor Peter Mansbridge interview Barber.

And for a look at the state of Arctic research and the North, check out Canadian Geographic’s International Polar Year issue.