About "Map archive"

The stories behind historical maps from Library and Archives Canada's vast collection.

Map: Thomas Devine, Map of the Northwest Part of Canada Indian Territories & Hudson's Bay, 1857, Library and Archives Canada, NMC 48944, E011165527
An incredibly detailed map designed to inform and inspire settlers
How two maps told two very different tales of a route through Canada’s Arctic in the 18th century
Larger versions of the historical maps seen in the October 2015 issue of Canadian Geographic
Maclear & Co.'s Railway Map of Canada West

Maclear & Co.'s Railway Map of Canada West. (Map courtesy Library and Archives Canada, n0002910)

Map courtesy Library and Archives Canada, n0002910
Early maps of the railways that shaped our country 

Samuel Holland's famous map of Prince Edward Island. (Map: Samuel Holland, Frederick Haldimand, William Brown, Henry Mowat, A. Robinson, Thomas Wright & Thomas Watt, a plan of the island of St. John in the province of Nova Scotia..., 1765 [1931], Library and Archives Canada, NMC14389)

Library and Archives Canada, NMC14389
In 1764-65, surveyor Samuel Holland, on orders from the British Crown, created the first truly modern, accurate map of Prince Edward Island
(Map: D.B. Street, Cyclists Road Map, showing all the main travelled roads, Towns, villages etc. between Toronto and London including the Niagara District, 1895, Library and Archives Canada, NMC43015)
(Map: D.B. Street, Cyclists Road Map, showing all the main travelled roads, Towns, villages etc. between Toronto and London including the Niagara District, 1895, Library and Archives Canada, NMC43015)
(Map: D.B. Street, Cyclists Road Map, showing all the main travelled roads, Towns, villages etc. between Toronto and London including the Niagara District, 1895, Library and Archives Canada, NMC43015)
Maps like the two pictured here were instrumental in opening up the countryside to urban North American bike owners
Plan of Melville Island

Plan of Melville Island  (Map: John G. Toler, Plan of Melville Island Situated in the North West Arm Near the Town of Halifax Nova Scotia, 1812, Library and Archives Canada, Sir John Coape Sherbrooke Fonds, e011073122.)

Map: John G. Toler, Plan of Melville Island Situated in the North West Arm Near the Town of Halifax Nova Scotia, 1812, Library and Archives Canada, Sir John Coape Sherbrooke Fonds, e011073122
Today it’s home to a yacht club, but two centuries ago Melville Island was packed with prisoners, not boats
Library and Archives Canada, e007152030

(Map: Lieut. Henry Roberts, Chart of the N.W. Coast of America and the N.E. coast of Asia, explored in the years 1778 and 1779, Prepared by Lieut. Henry Roberts under the immediate inspection of Capt. Cook, 1784, Library and Archives Canada, e007152030)

Map courtesy Library and Archives Canada, e007152030
Canada’s Pacific coast took tangible shape after a visit from one of history’s most famous navigators
Hessel Gerritsz, Tabula nautica qua repraesentantur orae maritimae

Map: Hessel Gerritsz, Tabula nautica qua repraesentantur orae maritimae, meatus, ac freta, noviter a H Hudsono, Anglo ad caurum supra Novam Franciam ndagata anno 1612, Amsterdam, 1612, Library and Archives Canada NMC 19228 

Map courtesy Library and Archives Canada, NMC 19228
Henry Hudson’s final voyage helped open North America’s interior, but it was a journey with disastrous consequences
(Map: Jacques-Nicolas Bellin, Carte Réduite du Golphe de St. Laurent, 1754, Library and Archives Canada, NMC 25295)

(Map: Jacques-Nicolas Bellin, Carte Réduite du Golphe de St. Laurent, 1754, Library and Archives Canada, NMC 25295)

(Map: Jacques-Nicolas Bellin, Carte Réduite du Golphe de St. Laurent, 1754, Library and Archives Canada, NMC 25295)
Jacques-Nicolas Bellin’s 18th-century map reveals how the pursuit of the humble fish helped shape the nation
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