||July/August 2013 issue||
À LA CARTE
Pollution in the Great Lakes
Mapping the environmental woes of the Great Lakes
Map by Chris Brackley with text by Nick Walker
It’s no secret that the Great Lakes are suffering tremendous ecological
strain — Lake Erie was even pronounced “dead” for a time during the
1960s because of an overload of phosphorus from municipal waste.
Back in 1615, though, when the entire region was pristine and explorers
Samuel de Champlain and Étienne Brûlé gazed out together from Lake
Huron’s shores, they dubbed it la mer douce, “the sweet sea.” Today roughly
one-quarter of Canada’s population and a 10th of America’s population
drink from the Great Lakes basin; the beleaguered lakes alone hold more
than a fifth of Earth’s freshwater.
The Great Lakes Environmental Assessment and Mapping Project
— a group of about 20 American and Canadian researchers and environmentalists
— produced the data for this map, which illustrates the
cumulative impacts of human activity across the Great Lakes. It speaks
volumes at a glance. David Allan, team lead for GLEAM’s project and
a professor at the University of Michigan’s School of Natural Resources
and Environment, hopes the map will help improve how we manage
the Great Lakes.
For three years, GLEAM’s scientists analyzed, weighted, plotted and
merged 34 environmental stressors, including various effects of residential,
commercial and industrial development, crisscrossing shipping lanes, thriving
invasive species (in many areas, zebra and quagga mussels are a more
serious problem than pollution) and climate change.
“The red spots on this map are not all red for the same reasons,” says
Allan. “Our goal is to help people understand that there are many complex
combinations of stressors at play here and that they have a spatial pattern.
We have to resist the temptation to say, ‘What’s the most important thing?
Let’s fix that.’ ”
Go to greatlakesmapping.org for information
on all 34 lake stressors.
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|Comments on this article||Leave a comment|
The Great Lakes have one of N.A.'s abundant freshwater supply. When are we going to wake up to save it and save our selves. This applies to ALL rivers and lakes. Lets get with the urgency.
Can Geo POLL
What’s your favourite place to swim?