Canadian Geographic
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INSIDE: Circumpolar protection Go now!

Developing policies that safeguard the Arctic and promote Inuit rights is a priority of the Inuit Circumpolar Conference (ICC).


The far North

Half of Canada lies within the Arctic and Taiga ecozones, which manifest some of the nation’s many climatic and environmental extremes. The Arctic is characterized by treeless tundra, carpeted with low-lying vegetation of mosses, lichens, herbs, and dwarf shrubs; and the Taiga, by sticklike forests of spruce and fir, interspersed with immense wetlands. The region’s marine ecozones — the Arctic and the Arctic Archipelago, including Hudson and James bays — are as vast and complex as the terrestrial ecozones. Given the immensity of these regions, few generalizations can be made about them that are totally valid. Yet, one thing is sure: the environment of these ecozones is fragile, slow to change, and easy to disturb. In earlier times, Europeans hunted for whales, seals, and furs; today, developers search for minerals, gas, and oil in a rich — but vulnerable — environment. Politically, these regions encompass Canada’s most sparsely populated regions: Nunavut, the Northwest Territories, the Yukon’s coastal strip, and the northern parts of six provinces. The indigenous people who have long survived here are now reasserting control over their traditional domain.

On the next page:

Ecozones


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Quiz :

On which bay is Ranking Inlet?

James Bay
Hudson Bay
Georgian Bay